Category Archives: Ruby

Error installing libv8 on Mac OS Catalina

I got an error installing the libv8 gem on Catalina:

$ gem install libv8 -v '3.16.14.19'
Building native extensions. This could take a while...
ERROR: Error installing libv8:
ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension.

current directory: /Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.4.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.4.0/gems/libv8-3.16.14.19/ext/libv8
/Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.4.5/bin/ruby -r ./siteconf20200217-34155-18bho1v.rb extconf.rb
creating Makefile
Applying /Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.4.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.4.0/gems/libv8-3.16.14.19/patches/disable-building-tests.patch
Applying /Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.4.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.4.0/gems/libv8-3.16.14.19/patches/disable-werror-on-osx.patch
Applying /Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.4.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.4.0/gems/libv8-3.16.14.19/patches/disable-xcode-debugging.patch
Applying /Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.4.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.4.0/gems/libv8-3.16.14.19/patches/do-not-imply-vfp3-and-armv7.patch
Applying /Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.4.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.4.0/gems/libv8-3.16.14.19/patches/do-not-use-MAP_NORESERVE-on-freebsd.patch
Applying /Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.4.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.4.0/gems/libv8-3.16.14.19/patches/do-not-use-vfp2.patch
Applying /Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.4.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.4.0/gems/libv8-3.16.14.19/patches/fPIC-for-static.patch
Compiling v8 for x64
Using python 2.7.16
Using compiler: c++ (clang version 11.0.0)
Unable to find a compiler officially supported by v8.
It is recommended to use GCC v4.4 or higher
Beginning compilation. This will take some time.
Building v8 with env CXX=c++ LINK=c++ /usr/bin/make x64.release ARFLAGS.target=crs werror=no
GYP_GENERATORS=make \
build/gyp/gyp --generator-output="out" build/all.gyp \
-Ibuild/standalone.gypi --depth=. \
-Dv8_target_arch=x64 \
-S.x64 -Dv8_enable_backtrace=1 -Dv8_can_use_vfp2_instructions=true -Darm_fpu=vfpv2 -Dv8_can_use_vfp3_instructions=true -Darm_fpu=vfpv3 -Dwerror=''
CXX(target) /Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.4.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.4.0/gems/libv8-3.16.14.19/vendor/v8/out/x64.release/obj.target/preparser_lib/src/allocation.o
warning: include path for stdlibc++ headers not found; pass '-stdlib=libc++' on the command line to use the libc++ standard library instead [-Wstdlibcxx-not-found]
In file included from ../src/allocation.cc:33:
../src/utils.h:33:10: fatal error: 'climits' file not found
#include
^~~~~~~~~
1 warning and 1 error generated.
make[1]: *** [/Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.4.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.4.0/gems/libv8-3.16.14.19/vendor/v8/out/x64.release/obj.target/preparser_lib/src/allocation.o] Error 1
make: *** [x64.release] Error 2
/Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.4.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.4.0/gems/libv8-3.16.14.19/ext/libv8/location.rb:36:in `block in verify_installation!': libv8 did not install properly, expected binary v8 archive '/Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.4.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.4.0/gems/libv8-3.16.14.19/vendor/v8/out/x64.release/obj.target/tools/gyp/libv8_base.a'to exist, but it was not found (Libv8::Location::Vendor::ArchiveNotFound)
from /Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.4.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.4.0/gems/libv8-3.16.14.19/ext/libv8/location.rb:35:in `each'
from /Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.4.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.4.0/gems/libv8-3.16.14.19/ext/libv8/location.rb:35:in `verify_installation!'
from /Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.4.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.4.0/gems/libv8-3.16.14.19/ext/libv8/location.rb:26:in `install!'
from extconf.rb:7:in `'

extconf failed, exit code 1

Gem files will remain installed in /Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.4.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.4.0/gems/libv8-3.16.14.19 for inspection.
Results logged to /Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.4.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.4.0/extensions/x86_64-darwin-19/2.4.0/libv8-3.16.14.19/gem_make.out

The Solution

The solution was as follows:

$ brew install v8@3.15
$ gem install libv8 -v '3.16.14.19' -- --with-system-v8
Building native extensions with: '--with-system-v8'
This could take a while...
Successfully installed libv8-3.16.14.19
1 gem installed

Fixing the ruby ‘CoreFoundation/CFString.h’ file not found install error

I hit this error installing the latest Ruby using rbenv:

$ rbenv install 2.6.3
ruby-build: use openssl from homebrew
Downloading ruby-2.6.3.tar.bz2...
-> https://cache.ruby-lang.org/pub/ruby/2.6/ruby-2.6.3.tar.bz2
Installing ruby-2.6.3...
ruby-build: use readline from homebrew

BUILD FAILED (OS X 10.14.4 using ruby-build 20190423)

Inspect or clean up the working tree at /var/folders/r7/kjzbwmx533b20hcf1_s9kc9c0000gn/T/ruby-build.20190501131413.33977
Results logged to /var/folders/r7/kjzbwmx533b20hcf1_s9kc9c0000gn/T/ruby-build.20190501131413.33977.log

Last 10 log lines:
compiling error.c
compiling eval.c
compiling file.c
compiling gc.c
file.c:23:10: fatal error: 'CoreFoundation/CFString.h' file not found
#include
^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
1 error generated.
make: *** [file.o] Error 1
make: *** Waiting for unfinished jobs....

The problem is missing headers. To re-install just run this command:

open /Library/Developer/CommandLineTools/Packages/macOS_SDK_headers_for_macOS_10.14.pkg

Now, Ruby should install just fine:

$ rbenv install 2.6.3
ruby-build: use openssl from homebrew
Downloading ruby-2.6.3.tar.bz2…
-> https://cache.ruby-lang.org/pub/ruby/2.6/ruby-2.6.3.tar.bz2
Installing ruby-2.6.3…
ruby-build: use readline from homebrew
Installed ruby-2.6.3 to /Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.6.3

Fixing errors installing the charlock_holmes ruby gem

This gem can be a PITA to install on a mac, this is what worked for me. If you get this error:


charlock_holmes -v '0.7.6'
Building native extensions. This could take a while…
ERROR: Error installing charlock_holmes:
ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension.
current directory: /Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.6.1/lib/ruby/gems/2.6.0/gems/charlock_holmes-0.7.6/ext/charlock_holmes
/Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.6.1/bin/ruby -I /Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.6.1/lib/ruby/2.6.0 -r ./siteconf20190213-34122-e636v8.rb extconf.rb
checking for -licui18n… yes
checking for -licui18n… yes
checking for unicode/ucnv.h… no
***************************************************************************************
*********** icu required (brew install icu4c or apt-get install libicu-dev) ***********
***************************************************************************************
*** extconf.rb failed ***
Could not create Makefile due to some reason, probably lack of necessary
libraries and/or headers. Check the mkmf.log file for more details. You may
need configuration options.
Provided configuration options:
–with-opt-dir
–without-opt-dir
–with-opt-include
–without-opt-include=${opt-dir}/include
–with-opt-lib
–without-opt-lib=${opt-dir}/lib
–with-make-prog
–without-make-prog
–srcdir=.
–curdir
–ruby=/Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.6.1/bin/$(RUBY_BASE_NAME)
–with-icu-dir
–without-icu-dir
–with-icu-include
–without-icu-include=${icu-dir}/include
–with-icu-lib
–without-icu-lib=${icu-dir}/lib
–with-icui18nlib
–without-icui18nlib
–with-icui18nlib
–without-icui18nlib
To see why this extension failed to compile, please check the mkmf.log which can be found here:
/Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.6.1/lib/ruby/gems/2.6.0/extensions/x86_64-darwin-18/2.6.0-static/charlock_holmes-0.7.6/mkmf.log
extconf failed, exit code 1
Gem files will remain installed in /Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.6.1/lib/ruby/gems/2.6.0/gems/charlock_holmes-0.7.6 for inspection.
Results logged to /Users/will/.rbenv/versions/2.6.1/lib/ruby/gems/2.6.0/extensions/x86_64-darwin-18/2.6.0-static/charlock_holmes-0.7.6/gem_make.out

view raw

gistfile1.txt

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First, make sure you have installed the required dependencies:

brew install xz icu4c

Now, install charlock_holmes:

gem install charlock_holmes -v=0.7.6 -- --with-opt-dir=/usr/local/opt --with-opt-include=/usr/local/opt/icu4c/include --with-opt-lib=/usr/local/opt/icu4c/lib --with-cxxflags=-std=c++11

How to find if two nodes are connected in an RGL graph

Say you have a graph like this:

graph

How do you find out if there is a path between any of the two nodes? By using a breadth-first search:


require 'rgl/implicit'
require 'rgl/traversal'
vertices = ["one", "two", "three"]
g = RGL::ImplicitGraph.new do |g|
g.vertex_iterator { |b| vertices.map{|v| b.call(v) } }
g.adjacent_iterator { |x, b| b.call( vertices[(vertices.index(x)1).abs] ) }
g.directed = true
end
t = g.bfs_search_tree_from("one")
puts t.has_vertex?("two") # true
puts t.has_vertex?("three") # false

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graph.rb

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First robot remote driving test

I programmed some remote control software using a Golang receiving program on the robot and a ruby control client using my gamepad ruby gem and an xbox1 controller. It worked OK. It was a bit jerky, there’s no PWM so no acceleration,¬†it’s either go or stop;¬†anything not totally rigid on the robot wobbles. Also the position of the camera doesn’t show enough of the robot so it’s hard to get a real idea of where the robot is.

I was filming, the robot was being controlled my my wife, Morwenna, from upstairs.

The robot is also prone to shed a track if the “half turn” is used too much, that is one track forwards or backwards, the other one stationary. I can fix this in software if I can work out a way to do PWM on the robot that doesn’t run the Raspberry Pi CPU.

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Railsberry animated gifs

I put up some photos of Railsberry here, but Flickr doesn’t work with animated gifs, so here they are. Click the images to get the animated versions.

Riding the Railsberry Unicorn:

Jon Leighton getting closer:

Josh Kalderimis misbehaving:

Tagged

Blocking Internet Explorer 5.5

IE 5.5 is dead. The number of people using it are tiny, at least according to the stats on the most popular sites I run. Here are the numbers.

Jokes-o-matic

Has a larger proportion of Firefox users than Internet Explorer users due to the high level of traffic from some social bookmarking sites, meaning a more web-savvy crowd who are more likely to be using alternative browsers:

jokes-o-matic.com browser breakdown

jokes-o-matic.com browser breakdown

The level of IE usage is still pretty high though, but even so only a single hit from IE 5.5 recently:

jokes-o-matic.com IE versions

jokes-o-matic.com IE versions

Recycling Group Finder

A much more broad and ‘average’ user base with Internet Explorer dominant:

Recycling Group Finder browser breakdown

Recycling Group Finder browser breakdown

Still, only 6 Internet Explorer hits recently, a tiny proportion of overall visits:

Recycling Group Finder IE versions

Recycling Group Finder IE versions

What does this mean?

Yahoo.com as seen in Internet Explorer 5.5

Yahoo.com as seen in Internet Explorer 5.5

These statistics, and others I have seen suggest that almost no-one uses Internet Explorer 5.5 or below any more. The small minority that do must be used to the internet breaking in unique and interesting ways due to the lack of support for more recent developments in CSS and really bad Javascript support (see right for yahoo.com as seen in Internet Explorer 5.5). I predict that a fair number of sites just don’t work in any usable way on anything less than Internet Explorer 6.

Time is money

Designing for multiple browsers takes time. The more browsers you need to support the more time you need to spend supporting them.

A recent project I worked on required a redesign of the site from the ground-up (aswell as a bunch of other stuff) and making the site work in any version of Internet Explorer lower than 6 just wasn’t worth the time, and therefore money, put into it. The return just wasn’t there and I decided that IE 5.5 was gone, dead, obsolete and I wasn’t going to try and mangle the design to work in it. Rather than just display a really crappy looking site to the user I decided I would let them know via a short and to-the-point message that their browser was not up to displaying the site and directing them to upgrade to a new version of their browser.

Give them the good news

IE 5.5 advice message

Message displayed to all users visiting project in anything below IE 6

But how to do this? The site was developed in Ruby on Rails and I’d heard of a neat gem called rack-noie6 that provides a piece of Rack middleware that blocks Internet Explorer 6 and below, but that isn’t going to work in most cases. Hard as it may be to make your site look good in Internet Explorer 6 you can see from the stats above there’s still a large proportion of users using it and to turn them away would be crazy, at least while the pool of IE 6 users out there is still so large.

So a quick fork and patch later (github we <3 you so much) and the new noie6 was accepting an option for a minimum version of Internet Explorer it should accept instead of just rigidly blocking version 6 and below. Configuration is really simple:

Now any users visiting the site in anything below Internet Explorer 6 gets the message above helpfully directing them to update their browser. Not bad for a two line config update.

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Rewriting URL params in nginx

I came across this problem recently, a customer was moving to Ruby on Rails from another framework/language (.NET I think) and needed to re-write a bunch of URLs. Some needed the query parameters rewriting too. One example was rewriting the old search path, so the old URL:

http://somedomain.com/OldSearchPath.aspx?qry=things&page=4

would become:

http://somedomain.com/search?query=things&page=4

This should be fairly simple except for the qry parameter needed to be changed to query. A bit of googling didn’t turn up much but with some experimentation I came up with this using the pre-populated nginx $args variable:

location /OldSearchPath.aspx {
  if ($args ~* qry=(.+)) {
    set $args query=$1;
  }
}
rewrite ^.+$ /search redirect;

It even leaves the other parameters intact, so the pagination will still work.

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99 bottles of Ruby beer on the wall

A while back carl and I had a 99 bottles of beer on the wall one-liner competition in Ruby. I just found this in my home directory and so am claiming it as my entry:

def b(c)"#{c} bottle#{c>1?"s":""} of beer on the wall"end;99.downto(1){|x|$>0?x-1:99)}.

“}

It weighs in at a hefty 206 characters and I know it is possible to get it smaller than this, but it is way too much of a time-sink for me to try.